MLA WORKS CITED FORMAT
FOLLOW THESE STEPS:
Prepare a list of the sources you used:
1. Title the page Works Cited (center it one inch from the top of the page). Do not underline, boldface or use all caps.
2. Make an entry for each source, using the examples below as guides. Begin at the left margin. If the entry runs past one line, indent one-half inch for each subsequent line. Alphabetize the entries, but do not number them.
3. Double space the entire list. Put two spaces after each punctuation mark within entries if your teacher requires it.
For a BOOK:
A printed book entry usually has these divisions - author (last name first), title (italicized), volume number (if any), city of publication, publisher name, year of publication and the medium type (Print). Use periods after the author name and title, use a colon between place of publication and publisher, a comma between publisher and date, and a period after the date and the medium type. For books with multiple authors, give the names of the other authors in the order that they appear, but do not reverse them. If a book has an editor but no author, use the editor’s name with ed. after it.
Hawking, Stephen. The Universe in a Nutshell. New York: Bantam, 2008. Print.
Kitamura, John and Michael Hale. Modern Geography: a Quick Guide. Vol. 5. Denver: Atlas, 2014. Print.
Williams, Laura, ed. Censorship. San Diego: Greenhaven, 2013. Print.
Sometimes other facts are required, and a period follows each additional item of information.
Allende, Isabel. “Toad’s Mouth.” Trans. Margaret Sayers Peden. A Hammock Beneath the Mangoes:
Stories from Latin America. Ed. Thomas Colchie. New York: Plume, 1999. 83-88. Print.
To cite an online book follow the general guidelines above, but drop (Print) as a medium and add the title of the database or web site (italicized), medium type (Web), the date of access and the complete web address as shown below.
Mandela, Wendy. The Battle of Leyte Gulf: Clash of Naval Empires. Butte: Anness, 2013. Google Book Search.
Web. 8 May 2014. <http://books.google.com/books?id=mdxB&source=gbs_navlinks_s>.
For a MAGAZINE ARTICLE:
To cite a print magazine, provide the author’s name, the article title in quotations, the name of the magazine (italicized), the complete date followed by a colon, page numbers and the medium type (Print). If the article is not on consecutive pages, write only the first page number and a plus sign.
Amerman, Anita. “The Beluga Blues.” Time 12 Dec. 2015: 34-38. Print.
Mallard, Donald. “Anatomy Revealed.” Popular Science Nov. 2010: 42+. Print.
To cite a magazine article from an online database like Gale Powersearch, cite the original magazine information, but drop the original medium type and then add the title of the database (italicized), medium type (Web), the date of access and the complete web address.
Nolan, Colleen. “Inner Space: the New Frontier.” Science News. 25 Feb. 2016: 118-119. Gale Powersearch. Web.
2 Feb. 2017. <http://go.galegroup.com/index=4&did=19&clientId=33>.
To cite an article reprinted in a collection of articles such as the Social Issues Resources Series (SIRS), begin with original publication information and add the medium of publication (Print). Then add the volume title (italicized), name of editor (if any), volume number (if any), city of publication, publisher, year of publication and article number (preceded by the abbreviation Art.)
DiNozzo, Anthony. “Catching the Wind.” E Magazine Jan.-Feb. 2008: 26-39. Print.
Environment 2009. Ed. Michelle Ljungquist. Boca Raton: SIRS, 2009. Art. 67.
For an ENCYCLOPEDIA ARTICLE:
For a print encyclopedia entry, begin with the name of the author of the individual article (if given). If the article is unsigned, give the title of the article (in quotations) first. End with the encyclopedia title (italicized), year of publication and the medium type (Print).
Watkins, Thomas. “Espionage.” World Book. 2013 ed. Print.
To cite an article from an electronic encyclopedia or database on CD-ROM or DVD-ROM, include the author (if given), article title (in quotations), title of product (italicized), edition or version, city of publication (if given), name of publisher, year of publication and medium type.
Xiong, Ira. “Acid Rain.” Microsoft Encarta. 2010 ed. Seattle: Microsoft, 2010. DVD-ROM.
For a written LETTER or MEMO that you receive, follow the example below and add the medium type (MS for hand written, TS for typed) at the end.
Gibbs, Leroy. Letter to the author. 17 May 2011. TS.
For a PERSONAL INTERVIEW, start with the name of the interviewee and follow with the type of interview (personal, telephone, email) and the date of the interview.
Smythe, Hillary. Personal interview. 15 Feb. 2014.
For a FILM or VIDEO RECORDING:
List title (italicized), director, distributor, the year of release and the medium type (Film). Add other information that seems pertinent (e.g. names of writers, performers or producers) between the title and the distributor.
Saving Private Ryan. Dir. Steven Spielberg. Perf. Tom Hanks. Paramount, 1998. Film.
To cite a DVD, videocassette or filmstrip, follow the pattern for films, but change the medium type and include the original release date when relevant.
It’s a Wonderful Life. Dir. Frank Capra. Perf. James Stewart. 1946. Republic, 2013. DVD.
For a SOUND RECORDING:
List composer, conductor or performer, title of the recording (italicized), manufacturer, year of issue (if unknown, write n.d.) and medium type. Place a comma between manufacturer and date; periods follow other items. Examples of medium types include MP3 files, audio CD’s (CD) and audiocassettes. When citing a specific song, place the title in quotations and put it before the title of the recording.
Simon, Paul. The Rhythm of the Saints. Warner Bros., 1997. CD.
Holiday, Billie. “God Bless the Child.” The Essence of Billie Holiday. Columbia, 2015. MP3 file.
To cite an on-line video or sound recording that originally appeared in another medium, follow the patterns above but drop the original medium type and add the title of the web site (italicized), medium type (Web), the date of access and the complete web address.
The Great Train Robbery. Dir. Edward Porter. Thomas Edison, 1903. YouTube. Web. 6 June 2014.
Citing INTERNET RESOURCES
To cite an internet based source provide the following when available: name of author or editor, title of the article in quotations, title of the overall web site (italicized), name of the publisher or sponsor of the site (If not available use N.p.), date of publication (If not available use n.d.), medium type (Web), the date of access and the complete web address.
“Crater Lake.” Intro to Our National Parks. National Park Service, 1 July 2011. Web. 28 Aug. 2012.
Patton, Jonathan. “King, Martin Luther.” Encyclopaedia Britannica Online. Encyclopaedia Britannica, 2013
Web. 31 Oct. 2014. <http://www.britannicaonline.com/Martin_Luther_King>.
To cite a personal home page, follow the same pattern.
Donohue, Jane. "City of Gresham." Jane Donohue's Gresham City Photos. Jane Donohue, n.d.
Web. 28 Aug. 2012. <http://www.jdonohue.com/photos/gresham_city.html>.
To cite a blog posting, follow the pattern above but add (Blog) after the article title.
Fox, Justin. "GDP: Nothing to Write Home About." Blog. The Curious Capitalist. Time.com. Time,
31 July 2013. Web. 5 Aug. 2013. <http://curiouscapitalist.blogs.time.com/2013/07/31>.
For an E-MAIL:
To cite an e-mail, provide the name of the writer, the title of the message from the subject line (in quotations), a description of the message that includes the name of the recipient, the date of the message and the medium type (E-mail).
Martinez, Hector L. “Re: Child care.” Message to Leslie Bates. 14 July 2017. E-mail.
Sciuto, Abigail. “Mass spectrometry.” Message to the author. 10 Aug. 2013. E-mail.
rev. 10/09 (based on MLA, 7th ed., 2009)
|Last Updated: 10/2/12|